WORLD AIDS DAY: HOW TO STAY PROTECTED AGAINST HIV/AIDS?
Currently 25 million people have died from AIDS, so it is important to be informed, since the only means of fighting against this deadly disease is prevention. Here, on the occasion of world aids day, we tell you what HIV actually is and how you can prevent AIDS and take care of your health.
What Is AIDS And How HIV Is Spread?
The AIDS is an infectious disease caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), which attacks the immune system of the body and left unprotected against any microorganisms, making it susceptible to any kind of infection.
Knowing how AIDS is spread is essential to avoid risky behaviors. There must be three conditions for the transmission of HIV to occur:
Obviously, it is necessary that one of the people present be a carrier of HIV. No risky behavior (such as anal sex) is a risk in itself if none of the people involved is infected.
The concentration of HIV must be sufficient for transmission to occur. Blood is the body fluid where the virus is most concentrated. Therefore, a small amount of blood would be enough to infect someone. However, with the same amount of vaginal discharge, transmission would not occur because HIV is much less concentrated in that fluid.
It is necessary for HIV to enter the bloodstream to contract the virus. The skin prevents HIV from entering the body, therefore it is not enough to have been in contact with a contaminated fluid, it is necessary an entrance way in the form of open wound, cut, fissure, tear, or through contact with the mucous membranes.
Whenever a person is infected with HIV, they can transmit it to other people through the following body fluids:
- Blood (the highest concentrations of HIV are found in the blood).
- Vaginal secretions
- Breast milk.
- Pre-ejaculatory fluid
HIV cannot be transmitted through:
Tips to Stay Protected Against HIV/AIDS
Being informed is the best form of prevention, and hence we are providing the tips to stay protected against AIDS:
- Exclusive Sexual Partner: It is important to have monogamous sex with people who are not infected with the virus. Having several sexual partners increases the chance of getting AIDS. When you start a relationship, the ideal is to check through the medical examination that your new partner or both do not have the virus.
- Correct Use Of Condoms: Whenever there is sexual intercourse with vaginal penetration, anal or oral sex, the correct use of condoms is vital. The condom, in addition to protecting you from AIDS, reduces the risk of contracting other sexually transmitted diseases (STIs) such as syphilis. The condom is one of the safest ways to avoid contracting HIV.
- Sexual Abstinence: Being a teetotaler is a personal and personal decision; however, it is one of the safest practices for not acquiring the virus through sex.
- Use Sterilized Material: In any circumstance, whether due to drug use or medical processes, syringes or needles should never be shared. All surgical material must be disposable or sterilized. Also avoid sharing razors, manicure instruments or getting tattoos in places not established.
- Practice Safe Sex: If you do not know your sexual partners well, choose to have safe sex, which involves caresses and masturbation without reaching penetration.
- Timely Detection of Pregnancy: If you think you have a child, you must first verify that you are not a carrier of the virus, because during the birth you can infect the baby. With a timely diagnosis, the transmission of the virus from mother to child can be avoided.
Protecting yourself from AIDS is very simple, use a condom in every sexual relationship. Take care of your health and your loved ones as well!