DOES THE ELECTRONIC CIGARETTE PROMOTE ORAL DISEASES?
ELECTRONIC CIGARETTE: SMOKE SCREEN THAT HIDES A POISON?
The vapotage would be involved in damage to the defensive barrier of the mouth and may increase the risk of infection, inflammation and gum disease. In the long term, vapotage may also increase the risk of cancer, according to a recent study.
Rich in nicotine , a psychotropic agent that is highly addictive, tobacco is a real scourge. The smoking is a leading risk factors for many chronic diseases, including cancer, lung diseases and cardiovascular diseases.
In this public health battle to raise awareness and help smokers quit addictions, nicotine patches and electronic cigarettes (wipers or e-cigarettes) are widely used around the world.
However, the use of the vapoteuses leaves a doubt on the consequences of a regular consumption. Indeed, according to a recent study published on November 3, 2016 in the Journal of Cellular Physiology , on the chemicals contained in liquids (or e-liquids), a large number of cells in the mouth exposed to the vapor of a e-cigarette die within a few days.
The results of a study on the vapotage published in November 2016 shows worrying results on the health of smokers.
VAPOTAGE AND LIES?
The electronic cigarette is considered a help to stop or reduce smoking tobacco. On the other hand, it could be a gateway to smoking with a positive image conveyed by intrusive and visible marketing in public spaces.
Just like the market of bio which is strongly industrialized, electronic cigarettes are not immune against the lie of the industrialists. Replacing one poison with another has never saved anyone from an addiction.
Indeed, e-cigarettes contain several chemicals identified as potentially harmful to health (formaldehyde, acrolein and acetaldehyde), and that can promote oral diseases . Although some manufacturers offer natural or organic e-fluids that are less harmful to health, the study highlights the results of the effect of e-cigarette vapor on human gingival epithelial cells (or gingival epithelium ) .
Even if some smokers use this means to stop smoking, vap- ing does not solve everything and could bring its share of other harmful consequences.
THE VAPOR OF E-CIGARETTES ALTERS OUR CELLS
The results show that the e-cigarette vapor altered the morphology of the cells. Unique and multiple e-cigarette steam exposures also increased the activity of enzymes Lactates dehydrogenases in targeted cells. This activity was greater with repeated exposures.
In addition, vapor e-cigarette has increased the percentages of ‘ apoptosis (or programmed cell death). Exposure to e-cigarette vapor increased the number of apoptotic cells, especially after two and three exposures to vaporizing smoke. Adverse effects of e-cigarette vapor on gingival epithelial cells can cause dysfunction of gingival function and oral disease .
To simulate what happens in the mouth of a person who vapors, the researchers placed epithelial cells in a small chamber containing a salivary fluid. The electronic cigarette vapor was pumped into the chamber at a rate of two “inhalations” of five seconds per minute for 15 minutes per day.
Microscopic observations showed that the percentage of dead or dying cells, which is approximately 2% in unexposed cell cultures, increased to 18%, 40% and 53% after 1, 2 and 3 days of exposure to e-cigarette steam, respectively.
VAPORATER IS NOT FOR PLAYING
Contrary to what one might think, the e-cigarette vapor is not only made up of water. An e-liquid does not contain tar compounds such as tobacco-based cigarette smoke. Notwithstanding, vapotage exposes the tissues of the mouth and the airways to the compounds produced by heating vegetable glycerin, propylene glycol, and nicotine flavors contained in the e-cigarette liquid .
The cumulative effects of this cellular damage require further in-depth studies. But they are already considered disturbing by the health professionals and researchers of the Group of research in oral ecology (GREB) of the Université Laval .
Finally, another study published in Annals of Internals Medicine® in 2017 reported that consumers of e-cigarettes who quit smoking have significantly reduced the levels of certain carcinogens and other toxic substances in their bodies.
The researchers say that ” former smokers who only use a long-term e-cigarette have nicotine levels that are comparably identical to smokers of combustible cigarettes only, but the results vary. The long-term use of the electronic cigarette only, but not the dual use of electronic cigarettes with combustible cigarettes, is associated with substantially reduced levels of carcinogens and toxins measured in relation to smoking (combustible cigarettes) “.