DENTAL IMPLANTS: A SUCCESS THAT DEPENDS ON BOTH THE PATIENT AND THE DENTIST
Artificial root, the dental implant is used to replace an absent tooth. The absence of teeth in some places in our mouth can have multiple consequences and the success of dental implants after an operation is, therefore, a major issue, if only for the high cost of this act.
A study published in the journal ” Journal of Oral Implantology ” ( The official publication of the American Academy of Implant Dentistry and of the American Academy of Implant Prosthodontics), the quality of that care primarily depends on both the patient and of the surgeon.
WHAT ARE THE RISK FACTORS FOR IMPLANT FAILURE?
The characteristics of a patient and a dental surgeon can affect the success of dental implants. That’s what we’re seeing in a 10-year study. Patient risk factors such as grinding teeth (bruxism) or diabetes would increase the chances of dental implant failure. This study also reports that higher rates of implant failure exist with dental surgeons who have less than 5 years experience.
The study evaluated 50 patients who received dental implants supported for complete fixed prostheses. Covering a total of 297 implants, the retrospective study lasted 10 years, with an average duration of 3 and a half years from surgery to the last follow-up. Researchers examined failure rates for factors including prosthetic type, surgeon experience level, smoking, diabetes, bruxism, and maxillary or mandibular implant. The implant failures in this recent study seem to be affected by the risk factors of patients, such as diabetes, rather than by factors related to the implant itself, as the location and length of the implant.
Although problems like smoking have often been shown to be a risk factor for failure of a dental implant, its effect was negligible in this study. The bruxism, or clenching and grinding of the teeth, usually during sleep, can affect bone loss and implant failure. 29% of patients in this study had a dental history caused by bruxism in this implant failure. More than 28% of patients with diabetes suffered from implant failure. The number of years and surgeries performed by the dentist also had an impact on the success of the implants. Implants placed by surgeons who had previously performed fewer than 50 implants were twice as likely to fail.The failure rate was 12% among dental surgeons in this study with less than 5 years experience.
Recall that the oral hygiene is essential to good health. A good diet, low sugar and daily maintenance by brushing (after each meal), mouthwashes and regular visits to a dentist are assets for your oral health and general well-being.