BREASTFEEDING: AN IDEAL FEEDING PATTERN FOR INFANTS
One can not say enough, breastfeeding has very different consequences of artificial breastfeeding in infants. This is the subject of a new report published in March 2015 in the Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics. According to experts, breastfeeding is an ideal feeding pattern for infants.
BREASTFEEDING: A KEY PUBLIC HEALTH STRATEGY
The human milk provides the best nutrition for most infants, according to the update of a report by the American Dietetic Association. The document also describes the health risks of not breastfeeding which include rising infant mortality rates, morbidity, maternal mortality, rising health care costs (management) and economic losses to families and employers.
The document ” promote and support breastfeeding ” ( Promoting and Supporting Breastfeeding ) expresses the position of the American Dietetic Association. The latter is in line with many health and nutrition claims from different countries. The goal is to emphasize that: exclusive breastfeeding provides optimal nutrition and health protection for the first 6 months of life; that breastfeeding with complementary foods from six months to at least 12 months of age is the ideal feeding pattern for infants.
RESEARCH CONTINUES TO SUPPORT POSITIVE EFFECTS OF BREAST MILK ON CHILD HEALTH
According to the position paper of the American Dietetic Association: ” Research continues to support the positive effects of breast milk on infant and maternal health because it is a living” living “fluid with many qualities that can not be reproduced by substitutes for breast milk.
This is supported by recent advances in research that have a better understanding of the human intestinal microbiome, the protective effect of breast milk for premature infants and those born of women with gestational diabetes, the relationship of breastfeeding with human immunodeficiency virus and increased the ability to characterize the cellular components of human breast milk. ”
It should be noted that in France, efforts are still needed to promote breastfeeding, since she would be a “bad pupil”, being one of the countries in Europe where the rate of breastfeeding at birth is one of the lowest.
BREASTFEEDING IS STILL VERY DIFFERENTLY PRACTICED BY FRENCH WOMEN
As an article published in Le Monde in 2012 points out, ” Breastfeeding is still very differently practiced by French women. More than two-thirds of infants (69%) are breastfed (60% exclusively and 9% in combination with formula), but only half (54%) are breastfed a month later, of which only 35% exclusively.”
An article in the Figaro published in 2014 on breastfeeding insisted, explaining that in France, “Breastfeeding does not last long enough. If mothers are more numerous than in 1970 to feed their babies after their motherhood, they abandon too quickly.”
Finally, “The last figure provided by the Directorate of Research, Studies, Evaluation, and Statistics (DREES) concerns the year 2002, and it is 56.2%. By way of comparison, the rate of breastfeeding is 99% in Norway and Sweden, 98% in Hungary, 95% in Denmark, 92% in Switzerland, 85% in Italy, 75% in Germany, and 69% in Great Britain. “Reports Leche League France in its documentary collection.